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God of Abraham is not Holy, the Hebrew Bible has Errors, and the Synoptic Gospels are Pseudohistorical Accounts. Yet, Christianity is Divine

In February 2017, Rabbi Nathan Lopes Cardozo – an Orthodox Jewish (rabbi and) philosopher – held a lecture whose theme was (the Jewish) “God is not Good and the Torah is not Moral But God Exists and the Torah is Divine”. This was an acceptance that the divinity of the Jewish God and the Torah are not tied to morality. In other words, Judaism is not a moral religion, and the Jewish God is neither good nor moral. This approximates the attributes of immorality, ignorance, and egoism that the Gnostics have ascribed to the Jewish God, Yahweh, whom they have equated with the Demiurge whom they named Yaldabaoth i.e Being (or sein) of Chaos. Does this explain why Yahweh was quite unpopular in Ancient Israel just as is the case with Modern Israel where most Jews do not worship Yahweh?

Who is Anochi?

Did the only God that exists talk to Abraham?

This question presupposes that Abraham (Avraham in Hebrew) existed. What if Abraham never existed? Does this mean that the God of the Torah could be a figment of imagination just like the non-existent Abraham (who could be an imaginary person)? What does this do to Conventional Christianity that validates its existence on the covenant between God and Abraham? Is it possible that early Christians honored a non-Jewish Christ? The last question is explored in DeHebraizing Christ: On the Apotheosis of an Ancient Non-Semitic Hero-King into Greater Yahweh. In Was Christ Born as a Jew or Was Christ a Greek Scientist?, the 2 Christs – the Greek Christ and the Jewish Christ – who were honored by two distinct Christian communities before the first Ecumenical Council of Nicaea are explained.

For now, let us consider Abraham.

Did Abraham Exist?

What is the real name of the God of the Hebrew Bible? Did God tell Moses His real name? If yes, did Moses record it? If yes, then what is this name?

Who is Anochi?

Orthodox Judaism uses the Torah to validate the existence of Abraham, who is recorded to have experienced enlightenment when he became Avram ha’Ivri (Abraham the Hebrew) thus making him the first Hebrew. This status as the first Hebrew conferred Avram with the potential to be chosen by a God if he passed the tests that proved his commitment to this God.

Hebrew is a noun that simply means one who stood against popular will. To Rabbi Yehuda ha-Nasi – the principal redactor of the Mishna – Avram ha’Ivri earned the appellation ha’Ivri (the Hebrew) because he recognized that only one God existed while all the other people in his community believed in idolatry. If Abraham did not exist, then could the Biblical Abraham have been modeled after the Greek Philosopher and formulator of Philosophical Atomism, Democritus, who developed the idea that only One God exists? This Democritian development occurs subsequent to the conception of the Monad by Pythagoras, and it is likely that Democritus developed the idea of monotheism from his understanding of Pythagorean number mysticism.

Genesis 17 records a covenant made between the Hebrew God and Avram ha’Ivri. This covenant mandated male circumcision. What is interesting is that God initiated this covenant, in which he also changed Avram’s name as recorded in Genesis 17:5 “(God said) It (your name) will no longer be Abram. Instead, you will be called Abraham, for you will be the father of many nations”. To date, Orthodox Jews practice male circumcision as a physical symbol of keeping this covenant.

So, if Abraham did not exist, then where did the Jews get this idea of circumcision as a sign of a covenant? Could the Hebrews have copied this idea from Ancient Egyptian Priesthood which mandated circumcision for every graduating priest as a physical sign that the priest has entered into the covenant with the divine world and is now a member of a holy community of priests (or what the Hebrews later came to call a nation of priests)?

circumcision in egypt gnosophia org
Circumcision in Ancient Egypt. CREDIT.

In the Hebrew Bible, Abraham is described as the patriarch of the Hebrew nation. However, there is a problem that was unmasked by biblical scholarship. Abraham never existed. Reform Judaism and biblical archaeology affirm that Abraham never existed and neither did Moses.

If Abraham can be proved to have never existed, then did his God exist? In other words, does the God of Abraham exist? These questions will be explored later. For now, let us assume that the God of Abraham gave Moses a law code called Torah at Mount Sinai. In the Torah, this God of Moses described himself as unchanging (immutable), all-powerful (omnipotent), all-knowing (omniscient), and all-seeing and everywhere (omnipresent). But, is this God of Moses all Good? If he is an all-powerful and Good God, why does evil exist?

Problem of Evil

Epicurean Paradox Gnosophia org
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